Kuplat, designed by Yki Nummi, is a Finish design classic dating back to 1959. Picture: Sakke Somerma / Visit Helsinki Media Bank
The 1960s saw a strong backlash against the cult of the individual designer.
Suddenly, the design professional was to produce anonymous, universal objects instead of exclusive art objects.
New materials such as plastic and fibreglass posed novel challenges and facilitated, for instance, wider and faster furniture production.
Eero Aarnio’s eye-catching fibreglass chairs, Pallo and Pastilli, illustrated the possibilities offered by the new materials.
Even now well into his 80s, Eero Aarnio is still actively creating new designs, including lamps and a children’s collection.
The orange scissors by Fiskars are another Finnish design classic that was born in the 1960’s.
The ergonomic scissors are now sold all over the world.
They are a great example of Finnish functional design. The scissors have registered sales of more than one billion.
The textile and clothes company Marimekko, founded in 1951 by Armi Ratia, won popularity with the glowing printed fabrics, jolly Tasaraita jersey cloths, and liberal ideals.
The dreams of the 1960’s were shattered by the 1973 oil crisis.
Henceforth, increasing emphasis was placed on the constructive social role of designers. Handicrafts collectives and ceramic workshops were set up in empty schools and factories.
Meanwhile, the profile of industrial design was raised by a generation of newly graduated designers specially trained in the field.
Key concepts included “ergonomics” and “design for need”.